Casalserugo

Chiesa PozzoveggianiAccording to several documents, this town was founded by a certain Ugho De Casale, a knight who in 1095 a.d. accompanied the German Emperor, Henry IV, to the region. The famous sovereign played a crucial part in the so-called struggle over investiture which broke out in Italy during the second half of the year 1000, between Henry and Gregory VII (Hildebrand of Soana).

Excommunicated by Gregory VII, Henry was forced to humiliate himself before the Pope in 1077, in the castle at Canossa, near Reggio Emilia, before his excommunication was revoked. The arrival of the knight Ugho De Casale in the area near Padua probably occurred a little less than twenty years after the famous episode at Canossa.


The area is marked by a dwelling which may have belonged to Ser Ugho, as well as the small nearby church of Pozzoveggiani, dating back to the eleventh century.


In the church stands a fresco picturing armed knights and dating back, perhaps, to the time of Henry IV; Ugho himself may figure there, although we have no proof of the fact.

Ser Ugo

Casalserugo was founded at the beginning of the vast deforestation of the Po plain, which up to then had presented a nearly

continuous mantle of wooded area rich with wildlife. The period marked an agricultural revolution helped by the fact that oxen which previously had been yoked by the horns were now teamed together at chest level, bringing about a considerable increase in farming production.

In medieval times the village of Casalserugo became an important agricultural center near the city of Padua, which the nobles could reach on horseback in a short time. These fields yielded mostly wheat and wine.

The wine was sent by water to the Venetian colonies in the Mediterranean, as well as to the city of Padua. Numerous farms were held by the Benedictine monks (from whose name comes “Corti Benedettine”) and by the powerful order of the Teutonic knights, or German brothers; other owners included such noble families as the Orsatti, the Engleschi, the Macaruffi and the Paradisi, some of whose coats of arms and historical buildings still remain today.

bosco

The history of Casalserugo is linked directly, then, to a new phase in agriculture dawning after the year 1000, partly thanks to the use of water mills, and of wool winders for domestic weavers. Ca’ Ferri aims to restore the ancient tradition of fine local wines which, in the case of Casalserugo, stems directly from the Middle Ages.


 

 

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